Today, the Republic of Chile celebrates its Fiestas Patrias. The two-day festivity begins annually on September 18 to commemorate the proclamation of the First Governing Body of 1810, and the beginning of the Chilean independence process. It is capped with the “Day of the Glories of the Army” (Día de las Glorias del Ejército) on September 19, which marks the anniversary of the first-ever military parade in the history of Chile. Army Day was formally established in 1915.
This South American country officially declared independence from Spain on February 12, 1818, and was recognized on April 25, 1844. However, by tradition, Chileans celebrate Independence Day on September 18, the day in 1810 when the First Government Junta was established and the war of independence began.
Chile borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Its capital and largest city is Santiago de Chile, or simply Santiago. The city, which was founded in 1541, has been the country’s capital since colonial times. The Mapocho River is lined by parks such as Parque Forestal, where the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes is located. The Museo is housed in the same building as the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo. Opposite the park is the Palacio Bruna, a three-story building with an Italian Renaissance character that now houses the Chilean National Commerce Chamber.
The Philippines and Chile have had warm and friendly relations since July 4, 1946. Last August, Third Secretary Raisa Mabayo introduced students of the Lo Barnechea Centro de las Tradiciones to an aspect of Filipino culture with a brief discussion on the importance of food in big or small gatherings; the way certain foods are eaten – as kakanin, as pulutan, or as ulam; and what constitutes a typical meal in the Philippines. Chargé d’ Affaires Marcos Punsalang had a discussion with the head of the Lo Barnechea Centro de las Tradiciones on the possibility of conducting more Filipino cuisine cooking classes in the future.
Last April, in an effort to promote cultural diplomacy and to enhance awareness among the Chileans on the culture and history of the Philippines, the Philippine Embassy in Santiago donated books on Philippine Arts and Culture to the Biblioteca de San Jose de Maipo. Last November 16, 2015, Chilean President Michelle Bachelet undertook a state visit during the APEC Economic Leader’s Summit that was held in Manila. Chile has an embassy in Makati City and the Philippines has an embassy in Santiago.
We greet the people and government of the Republic of Chile, led by President Michelle Bachelet, on the occasion of its Fiestas Patrias 2017.
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