By: Dr. Jimmy Manila
DANDRUFF is a condition of the scalp where flakes of skin appear. It is common condition and may cause itching. In some cases it is embarrassing and maybe difficult to treat.
Dandruff may be caused by not regularly combing or brushing hair. Not regularly combing prevents shedding of the skin so they become flakes that appear white most noticeable in black hair.
Dry skin may also lead to dandruff. It may also be caused by yeast. People who are sensitive to yeast develop dandruff more often.
Another condition that may cause dandruff is seborrheic dermatitis. It is characterized by irritated oily skin. It affects other parts of the body but may lead to dandruff. Other skin conditions that may cause dandruff are psoriasis and eczema.
Treatment of dandruff depends on the age of a person and severity of the condition. Anti dandruff shampoos and scalp preparations are available over the counter.
Be sure that the product that you buy contains any of the following: zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide, coal tar, ketoconazole or salicylic acid. It can be used daily until the dandruff is controlled then reduce the frequency of use.
Be sure to keep the shampoo in the hair for at least five minutes before rinsing. Too much scratching of the scalp can cause breaks in the skin that may become infected.
Other complications may be due to hypersensitivity to the substance applied Stop using the scalp preparation you are using if the itching becomes more severe.
(The author is a past president of the Rotary Club of Iloilo. This article was first published in the March 24, 2017 issue of Sugilanon, the official publication of the RC-Iloilo.)
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